10th September 2020 | Save the Children
- Save the Children conducts largest global survey of its kind among some 25,000 children and adults, revealing loss of education and income is hitting the poorest children hardest.
- Download the report here.
- Download multimedia content here.
- Support Save the Children’s global COVID-19 emergency appeal.
In the six months since the pandemic was announced, the most vulnerable children have disproportionately missed out on access to education, healthcare, food, and suffered a significant increase in violence in the home.
Eight in ten children surveyed believed they had learned little or nothing since schools closed and two thirds of the children had no contact with teachers at all during lockdown. Less than 1% of the poorer children interviewed had access to internet for distance learning. Among households that classified themselves as non-poor, it was 19%.
The pandemic has widened inequalities along wealth lines, the survey found. More than three in four households reported an income loss since the beginning of the pandemic. But poorer families were more likely to see their income hit (82%) than those not classified as poor (70%). Almost two thirds of the households (62%) found it difficult to provide their families with varied, nutritious food during the pandemic.
Violence at home doubled. During school closures the reported rate was 17% compared to 8% when the child was attending school in person.
The findings are in a new a report based on the largest global survey of its kind since the COVID-19 pandemic was declared. Some 25,000 children and their caregivers shared their experiences, hopes and fears during this unprecedented crisis.
Rachael Sweet, Head of UK Influencing at Save the Children, said: “COVID-19 has widened existing inequalities. The poor have become poorer, with a devastating impact on children’s access to healthcare, food, education and safety.”
“To protect a generation of children from losing out on a healthy and stable future, the world needs to urgently step up with debt relief for low-income countries and fragile states, so they can invest in their children. The needs of children and their opinions must be at the centre of any plans to build back what the world has lost. Otherwise they will pay the heaviest price.”
Three years ago, Solema* and her family fled horrific violence in Myanmar. She said: “They were shooting at us, slaughtering us, taking away little babies from their mothers, drowning us and burning us,” she said.
The family spent weeks in the jungle before joining thousands of other Rohingya families in what is now the world’s largest refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Today, coronavirus restrictions have forced Solema and her husband to close their shop, leaving them struggling to feed their children and reliant on food distributions.
Growing up in the midst of Yemen’s brutal conflict, 12-year-old Aiman* suffers from brain atrophy, which makes it difficult for him to move and walk. Aiman’s school was repaired by Save the Children after it was damaged by air strikes. Despite the fact he relies on the teachers to write down his answers, Aiman was one of the top students in his class. But since the pandemic struck the school has been forced to close.
“School is closed and studying has stopped because of the COVID- 19 outbreak… I stay home. I don’t go anywhere so I don’t get infected,” he said.
Priscovia, 17, from Zambia said: “We ask for governments to spend more money to make sure that we can continue learning while at home by providing radios, TVs and internet learning. They must make sure that children in rural areas and from poor families also get to learn. We want to see mobile libraries passing in our communities delivering books for us to learn.”
Children who fall behind in their education run a greater risk of dropping out completely and falling victim to child labour, child marriage and other forms of exploitation. Save the Children estimates that this pandemic has caused the largest education emergency in history, with some 9.7 million children not returning to school this year.
The survey also found:
- Loss of income also had a concerning knock-on effect on family healthcare. Nine in ten households that lost over half of their income due to the pandemic reported difficulties in accessing health services. 45% of respondents from poor households reported having trouble paying for medical supplies during the pandemic.
- Girls are more heavily impacted than boys by the COVID-19 pandemic. 63% of the girls said they are doing more chores around the house and more than half (52%) reported they were spending more time caring for siblings. Among boys, that was 43% and 42% respectively. 20% of the girls said that they had learnt nothing during school closures, compared to 10% of the boys.
- More than 8 in 10 (83%) of children reported an increase in negative feelings.
Save the Children says the results of this survey show it is a critical moment for the new Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office to start delivering on its aim to be a ‘force for good in the world’. The UK Government must use its leadership to bring world leaders together and make an urgent plan to get girls and boys back into education. And it must prioritise working with the poorest countries to build social safety nets and strengthen health, nutrition and education systems.
The children's charity urges governments to make sure children out of school have access to quality distance learning materials, that catch up classes are offered to children who have fallen behind and that all children have equal access to learning after schools reopen.
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