In Burkina Faso, a survey finds that almost 1 in 10 (8.4%) respondents or their family members had to delay or skip healthcare visits due to the lockdown, while 1 in 4 respondents had to limit either the number or size of their meals in the past week - with poorer respondents more likely to report being affected by food security issues. Another survey by the World Bank finds that around 1 in 4 households were unable to access basic food at some point since the onset of the pandemic (March). When it comes to access to health services, one third of households in need of medicines were unable to access them, but the overwhelming majority (99%) of respondents seeking health treatment were able to receive it.
Findings from a survey in Chad show that 1 in 4 (24%) households could not access needed medical treatments and 9 out of 10 (88%) were suffering from moderate or severe food insecurity. Rural households reportedly fared worse than urban ones in both dimensions (25 vs 20% for access to health services and 92 vs 75% for food insecurity).
A survey carried out in Colombia suggests that 43% of respondents had to delay or skip essential healthcare during the lockdown and that around half of them had to reduce the size (50%) or number (40%) of their meals at least once in the week preceding the survey. Despite a higher likelihood of receiving new government support over the month before the survey, households with schoolchildren reported being disproportionately affected by food security issues.
A survey conducted in Côte d'Ivoire finds that 14% of respondents skipped or delayed healthcare visits and 45% had to limit the number and/or size of their meals over the past week.
A survey in Ethiopia finds that most households in need of either medicines or medical attention were able to receive them (93 and 95% respectively). However, half of respondents (49%) experienced moderate or severe food insecurity, with rural and urban areas experiencing similar rates of deprivation.
According to a survey conducted in Ghana, 10% of respondents say someone in their household delayed or skipped needed healthcare visits since mid-March. Almost 1 in 2 respondents reported reducing meal size and/or number over the week previous to the survey, with families with age-school children being more likely to be unable to afford food due to income drops.
In Kenya, daily deliveries in a large regional hospital dropped by 33%. A survey by the World Bank finds that roughly 30% of respondents could not access needed medicines, while moderate or severe food insecurity affected adults and children in 45% and 30% of households respectively.
Findings from a survey Malawi show that the majority of respondents (79%) experience moderate or severe food insecurity, with urban households suffering disproportionately (82 vs 68%). When it comes to health services, around 15% of households in need of medical treatment and/or medicines could not access them. An earlier version of the survey found that households with school children were hard hit by school closures, with almost 1 in 2 respondents reporting children had to skip meals due to the suspension of school meals.
A survey conducted in Mali finds that in July 3% of households reported going hungry due to lack of money or other means, while 40% were worried this might happen. 14% of respondents reported experiencing moderate to severe food insecurity over the past 30 days, more than 50% of which due specifically to COVID-19.
Results from a Mexico survey find that 1 in 3 people had to delay or skip essential health care and 20-25% had to limit the size and/or number of meals over the week prior.
Findings from a survey carried out in Mozambique between mid-July and mid-August show that 72% of families were food insecure, I.e. they were unable to buy their usual amount of food over the 7 days preceding the interview.
A study conducted in Nepal comparing key metrics before and during the lockdown finds that restrictive measures led to a 52.4% decrease in institutional childbirth, 50% increase in the stillbirth rate, and a 200% increase in neonatal mortality.
According to results from a survey in Nigeria, most households (91%) can access preventive care and most women (95%) within them can access ante- and post-natal care if needed. However, as of August 8 out of 10 respondents reported experiencing moderate to severe food insecurity. An earlier version of the same survey found that 1 in 5 households where children aged 0-5 either needed or were due for vaccination could not access child immunization services. It also showed that 69% of households who experienced shocks resorted to reducing food consumption as a coping mechanism. Another study conducted between April and May finds that state-level lockdown measures increase households' experience of food insecurity by 13 percentage points.
A survey from the Philippines finds that around 1 in 4 respondents had to reduce their meal size and/or number over the week preceding the survey. Poorer households report being disproportionately affected, while families with school-age children reported greater difficulties buying food because of income drops.
Evidence from a survey conducted in Rwanda finds that 13% of respondents delayed or skipped needed healthcare visits and more than 50% of households say they have had to reduce food consumption in the past week, with rural respondents reporting greater difficulties accessing food.
According to a survey conducted in Sierra Leone, 5% of respondents had to delay or skip necessary healthcare visits and more than 40%had to limit portion sizes at meal times or reduce the number of meals they eat.
In South Africa lockdown measures have reduced deaths from non-natural causes such as road accidents and homicides, where road injuries are the second biggest cause of death for children age 5 to 14. Results from a survey show that hunger was a problem both before and after the government put in place top-up grants: in April almost 1 in 2 households ran out of food, while in May-June 15% of respondents reported a child had gone hungry in their household in the past seven days, more than half of which for more than 2 days. Additionally, during lockdown around 1 in 4 respondents (23%) could not access medication, condoms or contraception in the past four weeks, with the share climbing to 39% among respondents with a chronic health condition. When it comes to maternal health, 1 in 10 (11%) new or prospective mothers in need of ART reported running out of it, while 1 in 6 reported at least a 2-month gap in care.
In Syria, food prices suffered a +200% increase in under a year, adding a hunger crisis on top of a humanitarian one.
Findings from a survey in Uganda show that over the 30 days preceding the interview more than 4 in 10 respondents suffered moderate or severe food insecurity, with the poorest 40% being disproportionately affected by the latter. Additionally, 19% and 33% of respondents in need of medical treatment and medicines respectively could not access them. Rural households in need of medicines had a harder time accessing them than their urban counterparts (36% vs 26%) and the same applies to medical treatment (21% vs 15%).
Results from a survey in Zambia find that around 1 in 10 respondents delayed or skipped needed healthcare visits since the onset of the lockdown, and around 40% had to limit portion sizes at meal times or reduce the number of meals at least once in the past week.