An additional 1.5 million children need help to survive in 2020, warns Save the Children
KABUL, February 19 – The number of children in Afghanistan who will need humanitarian assistance in 2020 has jumped by 40 percent compared to last year, warns Save the Children[i], meaning an extra 1.5 million children need support to survive.
In 2020, an additional 3.1 million people will need help, more than half of whom are children. That takes the total number of children who need some kind of humanitarian support to 5.26 million[ii], making Afghanistan one of the worst places in the world to be a child.
Moreover, girls and boys experience conflict differently. In this year’s ‘Stop The War On Children’ report, Save the Children found that girls in conflict-affected areas are at far higher risk of sexual and other forms of gender-based violence, including child, early and forced marriage. In all verified cases of sexual violence against children in conflict, girls are the victims nine times out of 10. Boys are much more likely to be exposed to killing and maiming, abductions and recruitment into armed groups.
Security across Afghanistan has deteriorated over the past two years, with record numbers of children killed and maimed. According to the UN, children made up more than half of civilian casualties from explosive weapons in the first nine months of 2019. This daily deadly risk has a deep impact on the mental health of children, as they witness acts of extreme violence and face traumatic and life-changing injuries. Today in Afghanistan, one in 10 people lives with a physical disability.
A recent analysis[iii] by Save the Children found that two-thirds of parents surveyed in parts of Afghanistan said their children are scared of explosions, kidnappings or other forms of extreme violence on their journeys to school, revealing the extent to which children are living in constant fear for their lives and lack support to help overcome their distressing experiences.
Amanda Brydon, Conflict and Humanitarian Advocacy Advisor at Save the Children, said:
“Afghanistan has been largely forgotten in the shadow of other global emergencies after more than 18 years of conflict, tens of thousands of civilian deaths and multiple failed peace efforts. This is a country where every child born and raised here has known nothing but war, where they are scared to go to school and where they face death or life altering injuries from explosive weapons.
“It is vital that states take immediate steps to ensure that children in Afghanistan and around the globe are protected during conflict. In May there will be a chance for governments to address some of the devastating impacts of war on children by endorsing a political declaration that seeks to address the harm of explosive weapons that have massive impacts on civilians when used in towns at cities.
“Children have a right to safety, security and well-being under international law, yet these fundamental rights are regularly threatened. The UK must be at the forefront of this charge and commit to concrete steps to ensure children, their homes and their schools are safe.”
The government of Ireland is currently leading the drafting of a Declaration for states to commit to keeping children safe in conflict by avoiding the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.
NOTES TO EDITORS
[i] According to the latest UN assessment, 9.4m people will require humanitarian assistance in 2020, up from 6.3m in 2019. That’s an increase of 3.1m. Nearly half (47.8 percent) of Afghanistan’s population is under the age of 15 which means that of the additional 3.1m in need in 2020, 1.48m are children under 15.
[iii] The research was undertaken over a two-week-long period in April 2019 in selected districts of Kabul, Balkh, Faryab and Sar-e-Pul provinces, using a combination of qualitative and quantitative tools. The qualitative research involved 30 interviews with key informants (6 females; 24 males) including relevant government officials at national and sub-national levels and national and international development partners. In addition, eight Focus Group Discussions – two per province – were held with children in the surveyed communities. The quantitative data was collected through a household survey, involving structured face-to-face interviews with 600 parents (50 percent female) and 90 children, 50 percent of whom were girls. The mean age for girls who participated in focus group discussions was 11 and for boys it was ten.
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