What is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)?
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) refers to the removal of all, or part, of the female external genitalia. It is also known as ‘female genital cutting’ or ‘female circumcision’.
FGM can cause a range of health problems, such as severe bleeding, problems urinating, cysts and infections, as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths. There are no health benefits to FGM.
More than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut. It is most common in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, and is usually carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15.
FGM can also refer to any other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.