As climate change makes extreme weather more unpredictable and stronger, including more frequent and more severe droughts and flooding, children will likely suffer the most.
Families’ livestock and crops can die, leaving them without an income and children without enough to eat and at risk of acute malnutrition - a life threatening condition requiring urgent treatment. Malnourished children are far more vulnerable to diseases and even when treated successfully, severe acute malnutrition can prevent a child from developing well physically and mentally. It remains one of the biggest killers of children under five around the world.
Both droughts and floods can also force families from their homes whether in search of food, water, or an income. This can result in children dropping out of school, denying them of a future. Whilst on the move, children can also become separated from their families leaving them with no-one to turn to, and vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. It can also leave families without access to healthcare or shelter to protect them, leaving them exposed to waterborne diseases.